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GENERAL INFORMATION

Ankara... 

is the capital of modern, secular and democratic Turkey. She is the second largest city of the country located in the center of Anadolu; also known as Anatolia or Asia Minor, which means “Mother Land”.
(http://www.tripadvisor.com/Attractions-g298656-Activities-Ankara.html)

Travel... 

Various airline companies (turkishairlines.com; anadolujet.com; flypgs.com; lufthansa.com) connect 100’s of destinations to directly or via Istanbul to Ankara. Passport control is in Ataturk International Airport when you arrive via Istanbul. Upon arrival at Esenboğa Airport (esenbogaairport.com), make sure to pick up your luggage from International Arrivals. Custom control will be at Esenboga Airport International Arrivals. This may sound tricky but don't be surprised to go through passport and custom controls in two different airports. When you leave the airport, you need to take the Airport Limousine or a taxi that will take you to the city center.

There are daily high-speed trains from Istanbul, Eskişehir and Konya (https://yolcu.tcdd.gov.tr/view/eybis/tnmGenel/tcddWebContent.jsf).

Coach network for Ankara is also very well established and preferred for its comfort. Caches arrive at central terminal (http://www.asti.com.tr) that is connected to the city center by a metro line (http://www.ego.gov.tr/tr/sayfa/1075/rayli-sistem).

International participants are requested to check with the Turkish consulate in their home country or their travel agency for visa requirements. Entry visa to Turkey can also be obtained through the internet or at Istanbul Ataturk Airport for some countries' citizens (www.mfa.gov.tr).

Getting to Hacettepe University Beytepe Congress Center...

For details please click here.

Accommodation... 

Ankara is rich of hotels with various prices (http://www.booking.com/city/tr/ankara.tr.html).
Although the metro and city bus connections are convenient rush hours in the morning and evening are quite busy. Accommodation location near the congress venue can be preferred to avoid heavy traffic throughout the event.

Leisure... 

Ankara is a modern official governmental business and university city. Top attractions are the Atatürk Mausoleum, Anatolian Civilizations Museum and the Citadel. There are several other museums and cultural activities are not rare. Malls are many and the city is a preferred destination for shopping.

Food... 

is a thing to enjoy in this country. Traditional Turkish cuisine with a background of lamb meet combined with rice fused with Mediterranean flavors a thousand years ago. Relations with the Middle East, Europe and Africa enriched further the palate to an unbeatable level. Limiting Turkish cuisine to kebabs, which are definitely irresistible will be a huge mistake. Please be open-minded and ask for meze’s, fish, vegetable dishes cooked in pots and/or dishes cooked with olive oil. Trust us, you will eat your fingers off. Ankara offers thousands of varieties of local and regional food stiles and you will never get wrong.

Turkey... 

is a mystical. You can step off the Orient Express at Istanbul Sirkeci Station, take a taxi, go through the Egyptian and the Grand Bazaars, shop for jewelry, rugs and silk and stay at Pera Palace where once Agatha Christie wrote “Murder on the Orient Express.” Most of our guests, however, arrive at a modern airport and see the silhouette of skyscrapers in the background of the historical citadel. Guidebooks and most web sites provide update information but the spirit is hidden in its back streets. 

Shortly after arriving you will feel the pace of the city and the country. With this pace you may easily miss the little details that make a trip special. The ezan that invites Muslims to pray may wake you up at sunrise and the horns of cars at the streets may not let you sleep. But you needn’t worry, as the city will definitely make up for the sounds. So you don’t miss them, we’d like to cordially invite you to explore some fascinating facts.

Istanbul and Turkey are located in both Europe and Asia. We are at the crossroads of East to West and North to South. Routes of trade, which were once named as the “Silk Road” are still active today except that ships, trains, planes and trucks have replaced the camel caravans and caravanserais (http://travel.nationalgeographic.com/travel/countries/turkey-guide/).

Turkey has 4 distinct seasons; winter, spring, summer and autumn. Autumn is always pleasant with warm days and cool nights, though it can be rainy in Ankara. In Turkey traffic is always slow in large cities when it rains.

Turkey is surrounded with seas. The Black Sea and the Mediterranean Sea establish the North and the South borders of the country, respectively. The Aegean Sea is on the west coast separating Greece and Turkey. The Sea of Marmara is an inland sea that connects the Black Sea to the Aegean Sea by two straits; the Bosporus in Istanbul and the Dardanelle in Çanakkale. High mountains and plateaus connect the country to Asia in the East.

Turkey is almost half as big as Europe. The land is 814.578 km2 and 3% of its territory, named Trakya, is in Europe. One part of Istanbul is Europe and the other part is in Asia.

The population of Turkey is estimated to be 77 Million. 12 million of Turkey’s population lives in Istanbul, and 5.5 lives in Ankara.

Traffic is very complex in Turkey. The roads are always crowded and rules are simple: The bigger and the faster vehicle has the priority!!! While walking around, carefully check the road before you go down the street and it is common that cars may not stop for you. Never ask a taxi to take you somewhere fast. The word for slow is “Yavaş” (the s with a dot below is a “sch” in Turkish). Cars drive on the right side of the road and the driver sits to the left of the car.

Turks are talented in understanding and speaking body language. Try to explain what you want by playing the game “silent movie”. The miracle word is “Tamam” which means, “yes”, “no”, and “maybe.” If you want to stop someone say “tamam, tamam” as you say “no” in English and make a stop sign with your hand. For OK, say it softly and nod your head in an upward-downward direction. When you say taaamam (the second “a” should be long) this means I am not sure but I think I agree with the proposal. “Hayır” is a definite no and “Teşekkür” is thanks.

The oldest human settlement is Çatalhöyük. The oldest known human settlement that belongs to Hatti civilization is located in central Anadolu. Dating back to 6500 B.C., the earliest landscape painting in history illustrating the volcanic eruption was found on the walls of a Çatalhöyük house. Entrances of these houses were from their roofs and the dead were buried to the ground or walls of the houses (http://www.catalhoyuk.com/).

The Turks originate from central Asia. The first Turkish scripts, written by Bilge Khan and dating back to AD 720 and 725, were found in Northern Mongolia at the South part of Lake Baykal. These scripts reveal that Turks were living in the Northeastern steps of Asia. Due to lack of natural sources and extreme weather conditions, they first migrated south and had relations with China. However, the Great Wall was later built to prevent the entry of Turks into China and they subsequently moved west towards Europe.

Turks live in Anadolu today. Today, ethnic Turks live in a broad area from Central Asia to Europe under various nations and their assumed population is about 200 million. Turkey - Anadolu or Anatolia - has been the motherland of the Turks since 1072. Neighbors of Turkey include Syria, Iraq, Iran (our borders with Iran has not changed in 375 years), Azerbaijan, Armenia, Georgia, Bulgaria and Greece.

The Seljuk and Ottoman Turks established powerful dynasties in Anadolu. The Seljuk Turks established a powerful dynasty in Central Asia in the 11th century. They moved to Anadolu and formed their landlordships all around the country. Genghis Khan and his Mongolia army defeated the Seljuks leaving small Turkic autonomic states behind. One of these states was the Ottomans. Ottomans ruled the area for more than 6 centuries in peace and justice.

Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (1881-1938) established the new republic. Born Mustafa Rezi and an Army officer of the Ottoman Empire, he became a revolutionary after WW I and founded the modern Turkish republic in 1923. His added name, “Atatürk” meaning “father of Turkey” was granted by parliament in 1932. He is arguably the most important person in modern Turkey and his name is still revered. He wrote 9 books on philosophy, history, military and science. We consider him not only a leader but also a respected social scientist. How many military and political leaders could have written a book on Algebra to teach the children of their nation?

Turks won their independence 93 years ago. After WW I, the Ottoman Empire was defeated and occupied by the allied forces. Mustafa Kemal established a new army and with the help of the citizens the war against England, France, Italy and Greece for independence was won in 1923. 

Turkish is the official language of the country. One of its many dozens of dialects is spoken by over 200 million people and is the world’s one of the most widely spoken language. (Because of assimilation in other countries, not all ethnic Turks speak Turkish.) Modern Turkish is a member of the Ural-Altaic family of languages, evolved from dialects since the 11th century, and is related to Finnish, Korean and Japanese. Although it is the same language family, it is a distinct language.

King Midas was buried in Gordion. According to legend in the ancient city of Gordion near Ankara, king Midas was burried. Midas who was a hero of several myths was the king of the Phrygians. Alexander the Great cut the golden knot with his sword in this city
(http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/phry/hd_phry.htm).

Two of the seven wonders of the ancient world stood in Turkey; the Temple of Artemis at Ephesus and the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus in Bodrum. If you sail to Rhodes from Marmaris, you will arrive at the harbor where once the third wonder of the ancient world existed.

Julius Caesar and Alexander the Great conquered Anadolu. Julius Caesar proclaimed his celebrated words “Veni, Vedi, Vici” (I came, I saw, I conquered) in Turkey when he defeated Pontus, a formidable Kingdom in the Black Sea Region of Turkey. Alexander the Great conquered Anadolu with his forces.

The wedding gift of Cleopatra was the south coast of Turkey. Part of Turkey’s southwestern shore was a wedding gift from Mark Antony to Cleopatra. Now the city of Antalya in this region is a popular tourist and golf destination. Some of the beaches are naturally named after Cleopatra. 

Cappadocia is a historical and natural beauty site. Cappadocia is the so-called “land of horses” in central Anadolu. This region is particular characterized by fairy chimneys and a unique historical and cultural heritage. Early Christians seeking refuge from persecution inhabited the land and created underground cities for defense and the impermissible churches. Some scenes of Nicolas Cage’s "Ghost Rider II" were shot in this area. Hot air balloon ride is a popular tourist attraction that should not be missed.